An important part of your body you need to know about is your parathyroid glands and the parathyroid hormone it releases. Knowing how the parathyroid hormone functions will help you understand how important it is to your body. Here’s a few information about this hormone to keep you aware of its significance.
Parathyroid Hormone: Everything You Need to Know
What Does It Do
— EndocrineWeb (@endocrineweb) September 19, 2017
The parathyroid hormone regulates the calcium in your body, usually by increasing levels where they are low. They are secreted into the blood and continue to circulate around your body to help increase calcium levels in certain organs of the body such as:
- Intestine: your parathyroid hormone circulates to your intestines to increase calcium absorption from your food intake.
- Kidneys: this hormone passes through your kidneys to properly regulate the amount of calcium in your urine by trying to decrease the amount of calcium loss. It also helps boost the production of vitamin D in your kidneys.
- Bones: most of the time your parathyroid hormone is releasing calcium into your bloodstream from the large calcium stores inside your bones. This helps regulate your bone structure by disallowing the formation of a new bone.
When there is too much calcium in the body, your parathyroid glands cease to release any hormones. The absence of the parathyroid hormone will help your body lower its calcium levels to normal.
There are some cases when the parathyroid glands are not functioning properly. This may lead to unbalanced levels of parathyroid hormone and different parathyroid disorders such as:
- Hyperparathyroidism: this happens when your parathyroid levels are too high. In this case, your calcium levels may be raised too high as well and you may be diagnosed with hypercalcemia.
- Primary Hyperparathyroidism: you may be diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism if there is too much parathyroid hormone in your body. This high amount of PTH is located in your intestines.
- Secondary Hyperparathyroidism: when you’re suffering from chronic hypocalcemia or low levels of calcium, your body will continue to produce PTH to an excessive degree. This may lead to secondary hyperparathyroidism.
- Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: when your long-term secondary hyperparathyroidism develops into a continuous secretion of PTH, regardless of your calcium levels, it causes tertiary hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia.
- Hypoparathyroidism: this is a scarce parathyroid condition. Low amounts of PTH in your body usually lead to hypocalcemia but may be treated with calcium and vitamin D oral supplements.
Parathyroid Hormone Test
In fact, if you want to make sure your parathyroid hormone levels are normal, you may take a PTH blood test. This test tries to measure the amount of PTH in your blood. Moreover, this test may show if you have any parathyroid disorders. To make this test more accurate, you may also test the calcium and phosphorus levels in your blood.
Watch this video from Dr. Eric Berg DC to find out more about the parathyroid gland!
Furthermore, just as much as your body needs your thyroid for regulation, your parathyroid glands also regulate certain nutrients throughout your body. The PTH released into your bloodstream regulates your calcium levels throughout the other organs. Your PTH levels help make sure your body’s calcium content isn’t too high or too low, as well as properly regulating which organs it goes to.
Do you know any interesting facts about the parathyroid hormone? Do you know anyone with a parathyroid disorder? Share your thoughts and experience with us in the comments below!