You may realize you have a swollen thyroid if the gland appears to be larger than normal. This is only one of the possible symptoms of thyroiditis. Goiter, thyroid goiter, and thyroid diseases can all cause thyroiditis. All of which can cause swelling. The inflammation can be painless, so most people don’t notice until it’s too they have a real problem. Read on to learn more about these thyroid issues and heighten your health awareness!
Swollen Thyroid | 8 Types of Thyroiditis
1. Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the US is Hashimoto’s disease. It is a degenerative autoimmune disease. Your body produces antibodies which attack the thyroid gland. In Hashimoto’s disease, the thyroid develops an enlarged thyroid gland or goiter. This thyroid disease destroys the thyroid gland itself.
2. De Quervain’s Thyroiditis
This is a painful type of thyroid disease. Viral infection causes this swollen thyroid affecting proper thyroid function. Symptoms include fever, pain in the neck, jaw or ear, and thyroid tenderness. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism will show and often followed by symptoms of hypothyroidism.
3. Silent Thyroiditis
— Iam (@BipolarSpa) May 5, 2017
Silent thyroid disease is an immune reaction of the thyroid gland. It is also called painless thyroiditis. This thyroid problem is common in women after giving birth. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism also show followed by symptoms of hypothyroidism. In silent thyroiditis, the gland usually doesn’t swell but normal thyroid function fails.
4. Postpartum Thyroiditis
— Dr. Jolene Brighten (@drbrighten) May 6, 2017
Postpartum thyroiditis is a painless thyroid disease. It can occur in the first year after childbirth or miscarriage. This is why the thyroid is important to women’s health. Antibodies attack thyroid function. This can last several weeks or months. Postpartum thyroiditis is also difficult to detect. Its symptoms are like those of postpartum mood disorders. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism appear followed by symptoms of hypothyroidism. Some women who experience this type of disorder develop permanent thyroid problems which require lifelong treatment.
5. Riedel’s Thyroiditis
This type of thyroid disease falls into the “painless” types. A dense fibrosis replaces normal thyroid parenchyma. This fibrosis can reach beyond the thyroid into other parts of the neck. It causes the thyroid to become connected to the neck in an abnormal way. Symptoms include dyspnea, neck tightness or pressure, coughing, choking, and hoarseness.
6. Drug-Induced Thyroiditis
In drug-induced thyroiditis, the thyroid gland becomes underactive due to medication. Prescription drugs, like lithium, amiodarone, cytokines, and interferon causes a reaction. Symptoms of hypothyroidism and symptoms of hyperthyroidism also appear. This continues as long as the offending drug stays present in the system.
7. Acute Infectious Thyroiditis
— BJR Journals (@BJR_Radiology) March 16, 2017
Pain, firmness, tenderness, and redness at the base of the neck are signs of this thyroid disease. Patients experience a sudden fever, dysphagia, and dysphoria. These symptoms may continue from 1 to 180 days. Most symptoms last 18 days on the average. Unlike other thyroid diseases, pain, fever, and swelling are severe in patients. Blood tests for thyroid hormone levels will show cause of the swollen thyroid. Treatment may involve an antibiotic regimen.
8. Radiation-Induced Thyroiditis
Elderly people (65+) are at a lower risk of developing radiation-induced thyroid cancer, but may be at higher risk of experiencing adverse effects from potassium iodide (KI) ingestion. Speak with your doctor about health risks. To learn more, visit https://t.co/fKNuIHQtaH pic.twitter.com/6jegDj9De6
— Durham Health (@DurhamHealth) January 26, 2018
This swollen thyroid arises from radioactive therapy to treat symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid gland. Radiation to treat neck and head cancer can also lead to this forms of thyroid conditions. It only affects 1% of those who receive radiation therapy for Graves disease. Patients who went through the therapy will notice this 5 to 10 days after the procedure.
Watch this video for more on the causes, symptoms, and treatment of thyroiditis:
These symptoms should help you identify what’s causing your swollen thyroid. If you experience any of these enlarged thyroid gland symptoms, consult your doctor. Find out more about the types of thyroid disease to identify the symptoms. Knowing about these thyroid diseases will help your doctor to better diagnose your thyroid problems.
Are these basics on swollen thyroid symptoms helping you? Share your thoughts with us in the comments section below!
Editor’s Note – This post was originally published on May 25, 2017 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.