Among the many tests you can take to have your thyroid diagnosed, is a thyroid biopsy. A thyroid nodule biopsy helps determine whether or not the swollen thyroid nodule is cancerous. Find out more about the different procedures in this thyroid test and how to prepare for your thyroid biopsy.
7 Facts About a Thyroid Biopsy to Keep in Mind
1. Why Have a Thyroid Biopsy
You usually have a thyroid biopsy to determine the cause of the swollen lymph node near the thyroid. This biopsy may help determine if you need to start treatment immediately for malignant or benign cancer cells. Sometimes, a thyroid biopsy may also help find the cause of your goiter.
2. What Happens in a Thyroid Biopsy
This procedure requires an extraction of a small amount of tissue from your thyroid gland. This tissue sample is then closely observed under a microscope to try and detect signs of cancer, infection, or a thyroid disorder. There are various ways your physician can extract the sample tissue.
3. Fine-Needle Biopsy
A fine-needle biopsy is the most common form of thyroid biopsy. A small needle will be pierce your skin and into your thyroid gland. This procedure, along with the other procedures, are done while you’re awake. But, you’ll be given a mild sedative and bandage to seal the wound where the needle was inserted.
4. Open Biopsy
Instead of inserting a needle to extract the sample tissues, in an open biopsy, your physician will make a small incision through the skin near the thyroid gland. This procedure is only done if other tests fail to find the cause of your thyroid problems.
5. Core-Needle Biopsy
A core-needle biopsy is similar to a fine-needle biopsy, the only difference is the needle. The needle used in this procedure has a special tip to remove the needed tissue. The sample tissue taken is often the size of a rice grain.
6. Ultrasound and Thyroid Biopsy
In some cases, an ultrasound may also be used to increase the accuracy of your biopsy. The ultrasound will help guide the physician’s needle and help the physician extract a tissue sample from a more favorable location in your thyroid gland. An ultrasound is usually used in fine-needle biopsies.
7. What to Do Before Your Thyroid Biopsy
One of the most important things to do before you do a biopsy is to communicate with your doctor. Tell your doctor about all the medications you’re currently taking, allergies, and if you have bleeding problems. Apart from that, your doctor will have instructions regarding when to stop drinking and eating before the procedure.
Watch this video from Cocoa TheeNatural to learn about her experience with a thyroid biopsy!
A thyroid biopsy is a simple thyroid test that can be performed through various procedures. Take your physicians advice about which procedure to undergo as well as how to properly prepare for the biopsy. Following your doctor’s advice is the best way to guarantee the most accurate results.
Do you know anyone who has undergone a thyroid biopsy? Is there anything else you should do to prepare? Share your thoughts and experience with us in the comments below!